OVERVIEW

Subject Pronouns 

PERSON SINGULAR PLURAL
1 I WE
2 YOU YOU
3 HE/SHE THEY

The subject of a sentence is the person or object of interest. When it is a person, the subject is the one performing the action.

I like pizza.
S    V   O

The grammatical word order is subject-verb-object in English, so in most cases* the subject is the word(s) before the verb.


Pronouns are used to replace nouns. If the subject is the noun being replaced, you use a subject pronoun. Let’s look at some examples:

  • The girl is smart. —- She is smart.
  • Ben and Sarah are cousins. —- They are cousins.

Object Pronouns 

PERSON SINGULAR PLURAL
1 ME US
2 YOU YOU
3 HER/HIM/IT THEM

The object of a sentence is the person or object receiving the action. The object can be replaced by an object pronoun.

  • I like the pizza. —- I like it.
    S   V       O
  • Mark hit Ben. —- Mark hit him.
    S           V   O
  • I hate Sally and Derek! —- I hate them!
    S   V       O

*There are some cases in which the word order is inverted, such as asking questions.

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