Subordinating conjunctions are used to give extra information. They start a dependent clause or a clause which is incomplete. For example, the following sentence is incomplete.

  • *When I’m older.

Remember when using subordinating conjunctions, you need to have an independent clause attached to your dependent clause. The following is a complete sentence:

  • When I’m older I want to move to Spain.

Here is a list of common subordinating conjunctions (the dependent clauses are underlined):

Subordinating ConjunctionSentence
AfterAfter watching the movie, I felt sad.
AlthoughAlthough I want to go to work, I’m not feeling well.
As long asAs long as you’re happy, I’m happy.
BecauseBecause you’ve procrastinated, you haven’t completed the assignment.
BeforeBefore I go, I want to say that I’ll miss you.
Even thoughEven though we broke up, I still love him
IfIf you come to the mall, we can go get ice cream after.
ProvidedProvided that I receive a reasonable quote, we will move forward with the deal.
SinceI have been crying since she left town.
ThoughThough I should be on a diet, I can’t resist cake.
UnlessI’m going to leave unless someone tells me not to.
UntilI can’t help you until I finish my project.
WhenWhen you find him, tell him to call me.
WheneverWhenever you get a reply, let me know.
WhereNo one knows where he goes.
WhileWhile you were working, I baked a cake.
Notice that you need a comma when the dependent clause is first.
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